The promise associated with any field depends on the demand for the individuals with the training (not just paper qualifications) of that particular field. An example is that Computer Scientists are increasingly valuable in most developed economies because of the budding higher technology industry. Here is the list of five most promising fields.
1. Information and Communication Technology (ICTs):
There is increased belief in the transformational power of ICTs and the view that Africa is poised for a new era of growth that would take advantage of the platform laid by investment in new networks over the previous decade. Most commentators believe that is transforming business and government in Africa, driving entrepreneurship, innovation and spurring economic growth. The World Bank estimates point to a 10% increase in the penetration rate of mobile phones has been associated with a 0.8% boost in GDP per capita in developing countries. In addition, tech companies like Google and IBM have expanded activities in Africa whilst Africans are realizing the potential in the industry themselves with an ever-rising number of tech companies in almost all corners of life.
2. Medical Sciences:
This remains a promising industry even for developed nations. A country can always improve it health system and experts in that field play such a crucial role. The increasing population in Africa will come with a rising number of and increased complexity of health care issues. Such changes will inspire increased demand for medical services and health practitioners across the continent. Also as pointed out above, the nature of diseases facing Africans in the future will be different – from malaria to aging related disease. Without doubt, the medical and health industry is and continues to be a critical aspect of Africa’s development.
Now this might seem odd, but it is not. Agriculture employs 2/3 of Africa’s labor force and accounts for about 32% of Gross Domestic Product. In addition to its prominence in African economies, Agricultural performance has improved since 2000 although the growth has been mostly based on area expansion with funding from the World Bank and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Opportunities in agriculture are not just in the production process (done mostly by farmers) but also in processing and distribution of the agricultural outputs.
4. Banking & Finance/Economics:
With development comes investment and finance. The finance industry in Africa has been on the rise since 2000 mostly due to deregulations in the industry. Also, there is a rising number of more sophisticated financing: mortgages are a great example of this. Also most banks are partnering with some telecommunication companies to reach more customers.
You must know by now that Africa is a continent endowed with a large quantity of natural resources including oil, diamonds, gold, iron, cobalt, uranium, copper, bauxite, silver, petroleum and cacao beans, but also woods and tropical fruits. Much of its natural resources are undiscovered or barely harnessed. But that is changing. There have been a rising number of discoveries in the continent, from oil in Ghana and Uganda, to natural gas and uranium in Tanzania to mention but few. With such discoveries, Africa will see a rising need for geologist and people with training in such industries. Already British Gas has expanded its activities in Tanzania as Tullow Oil has in Uganda and Ghana.
Just because the field you are involved in is not mentioned does not mean it is not important. In fact, the most important field could as well be entrepreneurship. Be bold, be daring, and be creative, make something great out of what you have, or at the very least, make the best of your situation, do not settle for mediocrity, Africa demands and deserves better, so does the world.