The current and growth of population in most African countries is astonishing. Some people argue that high population growth will be Africa’s engine for development, replacing China as the manufacture of global commodities while others point out that high population growth actually slows Africa’s rise and may lead to tremendous social, economical, and environmental challenges.

Nigeria, Lagos, 13th February 2001.

Street vendors and commuters at Oshodi bus stop in the city center of Lagos.

Photo: Onyisi Agalim / Galbe.Com
horizontal, color.KinshasaCairoLagos

Below is the list of 50 most populated cities in Africa according to UN population statistics .

City Country City Population Urban Area Population Urban Area Rank [World] City Pop Rank [World] Urban Area Rank [Africa] City Pop Rank [Africa]
Lagos Nigeria 8029200 9123200 27 15 2 1
Cairo Egypt 7764700 15546100 10 17 1 2
Kinshasa Congo Dem Republic 6301100 7527500 35 24 3 3
Alexandria Egypt 3806300 4345800 62 39 6 4
Casablanca Morocco 3344300 3344300 95 49 11 5
Abidjan Cote d’ Ivoire (Ivory Coast) 3310500 3972300 70 51 7 6
Kano Nigeria 3248700 3519500 88 53 10 7
Ibadan Nigeria 3078400 3670400 78 54 9 8
Cape Town South Africa 2686000 3086600 107 62 12 9
Addis Ababa Ethiopia 2638500 2638500 132 67 16 10
Giza Egypt 2541000 2541000 140 74 17 11
Nairobi Kenya 2510800 3043100 108 76 13 12
Dar es Salaam Tanzania 2456100 2456100 145 78 18 13
Dakar Senegal 2384000 2384000 152 80 19 14
Durban South Africa 2354900 2354900 156 82 20 15
Luanda Angola 2193400 2640500 131 93 15 16
Tripoli Libya 1890600 2271800 161 108 21 17
Harare Zimbabwe 1864400 2264200 162 110 22 18
Algiers Algeria 1696000 3815900 76 121 8 19
Omdurman Sudan 1670000 1670000 215 124 24 20
Johannesburg South Africa 1646400 5014000 54 128 5 21
Accra Ghana 1605400 2756100 121 132 14 22
Rabat Morocco 1600700 1600700 227 133 27 23
Conakry Guinea 1595800 1595800 228 134 28 24
Kaduna Nigeria 1458900 1458900 259 151 30 25
Khartoum Sudan 1244500 5862500 44 190 4 26
Douala Cameroon 1239100 1449400 264 193 31 27
Pretoria South Africa 1228200 1514800 248 197 29 28
Soweto South Africa 1221100 1221100 315 198 36 29
Lusaka Zambia 1218200 1720800 205 199 23 30
Mogadishu Somalia 1183100 1183100 329 207 38 31
Brazzaville Congo 1133800 1133800 350 224 40 32
Yaoundé Cameroon 1122500 1356600 292 230 34 33
Maputo Mozambique 1088100 1639300 219 245 26 34
Lubumbashi Congo Dem Republic 1074600 1074600 385 250 43 35
Port Harcourt Nigeria 1053900 1190600 324 255 37 36
Benin Nigeria 1051600 1051600 392 256 45 37
Freetown Sierra Leone 1032100 1032100 400 260 47 38
Subra al-Haymah Egypt 995800 995800 414 269 49 39
Maiduguri Nigeria 971700 971700 428 282 51 40
Kampala Uganda 953400 1146700 339 289 39 41
Bulawayo Zimbabwe 927600 927600 453 294 53 42
Fez Morocco 921200 921200 457 296 54 43
Bamako Mali 906700 1130800 353 301 41 44
Mbuji-Mayi Congo Dem Republic 905800 1054400 391 302 44 45
Zaria Nigeria 898900 898900 469 304 56 46
Antananarivo Madagascar 875200 1359600 290 309 33 47
Ouagadougou Burkina Faso 839800 839800 493 325 58 48
Port Elizabeth South Africa 833900 1047600 393 326 46 49
Kolwezi Congo Dem Republic 803900 803900 515 342 60 50

Data from the UN